Wednesday 10 February 2016
NORTH KOREA'S 2016 H-BOMB AND THE 1970 NPT
It is hardly doubtful that the 11-Article Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons has come a long way in preventing an epidemic spread of nuclear weapons across the world. However, it has also failed to utterly prevent the proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
North Korea's claim to having successfully detonated the H-Bomb today, 06 January 2016, is only the most recent of a litany of incidents indicative of the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Britain, France, the USA, Russia and China remain the only recognised nuclear powers under the Treaty. But this 'de jure' provision is rendered obsolete by the 'de facto' reality where almost as many states outside ‘the five’ also possess nuclear weapons.
First it was the Khan ‘Smuggling’ Network which eventually gave Pakistan the weapon, and then India acquired same with alleged tacit support of some nuclear states under the NPT. Israel is known to have acquired the weapon although its official position remains one of neither affirming nor denying. South Africa's nuclearisation project is said to have been abandoned with the end of Apartheid (since the government and political power was now in the hands of the alleged target African populace for which it was supposedly meant, in principle), since it would be pointless or even suicidal to continue. Other countries have either also abandoned or suspended the project of nuclearisation.
With North Korea's claim of possessing the weapon many years before the alleged 2016 H-Bomb detonation, the potency of the 1970 NPT is fundamentally and further undermined. It must however be borne in mind that the politics of nuclearisation has tended to create a softer resistance to some non-nuclear states pursuing the weapon as against others. Most prominent in this regard is the resistance against Iran and its alleged nuclearisation at the Natanz facility. This contrasts with the attitude towards Israel for instance, which is hardly ‘resistance’. But besides the 'de-facto' obsolescence of the NPT, its provisions also contain gaps which render the prospect of a de-nuclearised world rather weak within the framework of the 1970 NPT.
Although article VI of the NPT provides for de-nuclearisation and disarmament, it not only lacks the mechanisms for enforcing same, but demonstrates a hesitance to strongly make such a case. The institutions on the heels of the NPT reflect just this disposition. Consequently, Article X of the Treaty allows parties to withdraw on a number of grounds, including 'extraordinary events' and 'supreme interests of the country'. These legal realities not only indicate the futility of total trust in the 1970 NPT, but also suggest that the pursuit of denuclearisation could only lie in a new and more transparent framework which reflects the will to regulate the whole issue of nuclear weapons equally among states. But this may seem like a difficult task within the mire of global politics and law, within the ‘international order’ as an unjust order.
Should North Korea's claim to acquiring the H-Bomb be the ultimate cause of concern for the world? Or should the question of a more comprehensive and just framework be the ultimate? The former question would be a yes only for South Korea and Japan perhaps, but certainly a no for collective humanity. The latter question would be the more crucial for humanity as a whole. Yes, humanity is threatened with total annihilation by the thousands of nuclear warheads stationed across the world and controlled by about nine (9) states. Many of those warheads are H-Bombs! It is believed that the following countries possess the H-Bomb: Britain, France, USA, Russia, and China. It is unconfirmed for Pakistan, India and Israel. These can destroy planet Earth several times over!
NB: A H-Bomb or Hyrdogen Bomb, also known as a Thermonuclear weapon, is a nuclear explosive that uses the energy from a primary nuclear FISSION reaction to compress and ignite a secondary nuclear FUSION reaction. In other words, it is a weapon with much more destructive power than the Atomic or Nuclear bombs because it feeds on the explosions of these bombs (primary) to create greater conflagration (secondary) with maximum destructive power.
Only a reconceived and restructured global order could provide the enabling environment and framework for total denuclearisation. Yes! If the ‘International Order’ was founded upon the imaginary of exterminating some forms of human existence (racism), it would be hard to realistically pursue equality, justice and peace upon the same foundations without their overhaul. In MCJ, we find such an enabling world in the imaginary of a PLURIVERSAL WORLD ORDER.
Dr. Kajit J Bagu (John Paul)
A better world is attainable!